Be not as servants who
serve the master
on condition of receiving a reward;
Be rather as servants who serve the master without
condition of receiving a reward;
And let the fear of heaven be upon you.
-Antignos of Socho
Discussion Guide [1:3].
Some Christians have criticised the Hebrew Bible as too fear-oriented, in contrast to Jesus’ emphasis
on love. Yet Christian philosopher Kirkegaard saw ‘fear and trembling’ as the heart of religious feeling. And
‘The Lord gives and the Lord takes away.’
Do you think that 'fear' or'awe' of heaven is a valid concept today?
What does it mean to you?
Many modern Jews find it difficult to accept any notion of reward and punishment, even in an afterlife.
Is serving God out of awe and love still meaningful if you don’t accept that God rewards and punishs us individually,
even in an afterlife? How?