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While a judge, do not act as an advocate;
While the litigants stand before you,
regard them both as guilty;
But when they leave, having accepted the judgment,
regard them both as innocent.
—Yehudah ben Tabbai

Examine the witnesses thoroughly,
and be careful in your words,
lest they learn from them to lie.
—Shimon ben Shetach


Discussion Guide [1:8,9].
Do you think that the sages’ view that fair courts are fundamental to a civilized society is correct?

Do people in our society view the court system as fair in applying the laws?

Do you think our court system needs to be strengthened in any way in order to become more just and win greater respect from the public?


HEBREW | COMMENTARY | DISCUSSION GUIDE